By-Ishita Pancholi

JUDGEMENT DATE: 14/08/2020

JUDGES: Indira Banerjee, J.


This appeal, filed by the father of the deceased victim, is against the order passed by the Allahabad High Court, Lucknow Bench of 2018, whereby the High Court granted bail to the Respondent No.2, Sandeep Singh Hora, husband of the deceased victim, convicted by a judgment dated 23.7.2018 for offences under Sections 304B, 498A and 406 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) and Sections 3 and 4 of the Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961 by staying execution of the sentences of imprisonment.


In managing cases under Section 304B, this authoritative expectation must be remembered. Once there is material to show that the casualty was exposed to pitilessness or provocation before death, there is an assumption of share demise and is on the dowry death in law to show in any case.

Despite the fact that nitty-gritty assessment of the benefits of the case may not be required by courts while thinking about an application for bail at the same time, simultaneously, the exercise of purview must be founded on all around settled standards and in a reasonable way and not as is normally done.

There is a contrast between the award of bail under Section 439 of the Cr.pc if there should be an occurrence of pre-preliminary capture and suspension of sentence under Section 389 of the Cr.pc and award of bail, post-conviction.

In the prior case, there might be an assumption of guiltlessness, which is an essential propose of a criminal statute, and the courts might be liberal, contingent upon the realities and conditions of the case, on the rule that bail is the standard and prison is a special case, however, if there should be an occurrence of post-conviction bail, by the suspension of activity of the sentence, there is a finding of blame and the subject of assumption of honesty doesn’t emerge.

Nor is the standard of bail being the standard and prison an exemption pulled in, once there is conviction upon preliminary. Or maybe, the Court thinking about an application for suspension of sentence and award of bail is to think about the first sight merits of the Appeal, combined with different variables.

There ought to be solid convincing purposes behind the award of bail, despite a request for conviction, by the suspension of sentence, and this solid and convincing explanation must be recorded in the request allowing bail, as ordered in Section 389(1) of the Cr.pc.

In thinking about an application for suspension of sentence, the Appellate Court is possible to inspect if there is such patent ailment in the request for the conviction that delivers the request for conviction by all appearances incorrectly.

Where there is proof that has been considered by the Trial Court, it isn’t available to a Court considering an application under Section 389 to re-survey and additionally re-examine a similar proof and take an alternate view, to suspend the execution of the sentence and delivery the convict on bail.


The appeal was permitted. The condemned order of the High Court is saved and the Respondent No.2 is coordinated to give up for being taken in custody. The bail bonds will stand dropped.

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